SHENZHEN, China, Aug 1 (Reuters) – On a busy downtown avenue three supply bikes all of the sudden dart over the pedestrian crossing forward of the automobile. On the automobile’s dashboard they appear like small 3D blue blocks from a Nineteen Nineties online game.

The steering wheel turns itself a notch and the car slows to a mild halt, whereas the protection driver appears on from the passenger seat.

The car is certainly one of 100 sensor-laden robotaxis belonging to begin up cruising the dense central Futian enterprise district in China’s southern tech hub Shenzhen, giving 50,000 trial rides to passengers within the final 12 months.

Whereas the USA is thought to be taking an early lead in testing autonomous car (AV) expertise, in Shenzhen the trade seems to be altering gears, with trial robotaxis quick turning into a standard sight.

Baidu Inc’s Apollo unit, Toyota Motor Corp-backed Pony, Nissan-backed Weride, Alibaba-backed Auto X and Deeproute have all been operating trials navigating town’s troublesome setting, with frequent jaywalkers and ubiquitous e-scooters.

Shenzhen, a metropolis of 18 million, has now introduced in China’s clearest AV rules. From Monday registered AVs will likely be allowed to function and not using a driver within the driving seat throughout a broad swath of town, however a driver should nonetheless be current within the car.

To this point, Chinese language cities have allowed robotaxis to function on a extra restricted foundation with permission of native authorities, however Shenzhen’s rules for the primary time present a vital framework for legal responsibility within the occasion of an accident.

If the AV has a driver behind the wheel, the driving force will likely be liable in an accident. If the automobile is totally driverless, the proprietor of the car will likely be accountable. If a defect causes an accident, the automobile proprietor can search compensation from the producer.

“In order for you extra automobiles, ultimately there will likely be accidents, so these rules are essential for mass deployment,” mentioned Maxwell Zhou, DeepRoute’s CEO, talking on the firm’s workplaces in a tech park close to the Hong Kong border.

“This isn’t true driverless however it’s a giant milestone.”


To this point the USA has raced forward in AV trials, with California greenlighting public-road assessments from 2014, permitting Alphabet Inc’s Waymo LLC, Cruise and Tesla to rack up tens of millions of miles in street testing.

However China has its foot on the accelerator, with Beijing making AV a key space in its newest 5 12 months plan. Shenzhen desires its sensible car trade to succeed in revenues of 200 billion yuan by 2025.

In Might final 12 months Cruise Chief Govt Dan Amann warned President Joe Biden that U.S. security rules risked the nation’s AV trade falling behind China, with the latter’s “high down, centrally directed method”.

Deeproute goals to have 1,000 robotaxis with security drivers on Shenzhen’s roads within the subsequent few years, when extra detailed rules are anticipated.

However in a metropolis with a state-owned fleet of twenty-two,000 electrical taxis from Shenzhen-based BYD, the place a 20-km (12-mile) journey prices about 60 yuan ($9), manufacturing prices for AVs might want to come down earlier than robotaxis are commercially viable, Zhou mentioned.

Deeproute and different robotaxi corporations are banking on mass manufacturing to decrease prices and collect information. Deeproute sells its driving options to carmarkers for round $3,000.

Zhou appears to Shenzhen’s DJI Know-how Co as a task mannequin, with the corporate utilising decrease {hardware} prices and built-in provide chains to make it the dominant participant within the industrial drone house worldwide.

On July 21 Baidu introduced a brand new AV with a removable steering wheel it would use for robotaxis subsequent 12 months, at 250,000 yuan a unit, nearly half the worth of its earlier technology.

“We’re transferring in the direction of a future the place taking a robotaxi will likely be half the price of taking a taxi in the present day,” Baidu’s chief government Robin Li mentioned on the Baidu World convention.


Shenzhen’s provide chain and decrease prices give it a serious manufacturing benefit over Silicon Valley, however AV resolution maker David Chang doesn’t wish to be constrained to at least one market.

“In Shenzhen the capital value is one third to California, as a result of we now have the battery suppliers, we now have the sensors, we now have a lot of the integration,” mentioned the CEO and founding father of Shenzhen-based Whale Dynamic.

“However the income is one twelfth to California, so it won’t be a flowery enterprise to do,” he mentioned.

Deeproute, Weride and even have workplaces in Silicon Valley, with R&D groups and testing in each areas.

“We do not wish to shrink ourselves right into a properly and battle with different frogs. We wish to leap out of that properly,” mentioned Chang.

($1 = 6.7433 Chinese language yuan renminbi)

(This story refiles to right spelling in paragraph 4 to sight (not web site))

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Reporting by David Kirton; Modifying by Michael Perry

Our Requirements: The Thomson Reuters Belief Ideas.